The use of a prescription drug in a manner not meant by the prescriptive practitioner is prescription drug misuse. Prescription drug abuse or complications include everything from snorting and swallowing ground-up drugs to high-grade suffering for a friend’s prescription. Although the consequences are detrimental, drug abuse can become chronic.
A growing problem will impact all age groups, including teenagers, with the use of prescription drugs. The most popular medications consumed by prescription are painkillers with heroin, drugs against fear, sedatives, and stimulants. The problems could be prevented by early identification of prescription drug abuse and early intervention.
Commonly abused prescription drugs
Many abused medicines can alter people’s minds and judgments and lead to health risks such as addiction and infectious diseases. The list laid out below describes some of the most commonly abused prescription drugs.
Opioids are a class of drugs that usually occur in opium poppy. Some opioids are manufactured directly from the factory, while some are produced by researchers in laboratories that use the same chemical structure. The use of opioids is for treating patients with chronic pain, but some drugs treat cough, diarrhea, and other illnesses that can be cured by the opioid. Also, opioids will make a person will a euphoric sensation when taken.
This can be dangerous since opioids can be highly addictive and death and poisoning are normal. Heroin has never been utilized as a medicine in the United States and is one of the most dangerous opioids worldwide. Examples of opioids are oxycodone, hydrocodone, and meperidine.
How people misuse opioids
Opioids used for pain relief are probably safe but might be misused if used for a short time and as recommended by the doctor. It could have been by:
- Taking prescription drugs beyond its required dosage
- Taking prescription medicine of someone else
- Taking the medicine for the impact that it induces
Central Nervous System (CNS) Depressants
Depressants of the Central Nervous System are pharmaceutical drugs like a sedative, tranquilizing and hypnotic prescription items. Such medications will delay brain activity, helping people overcome fear, nausea, severe tension and sleep problems.
CNS depressants cause drowsiness; sedatives are often administered for sleep disturbances such as depression and sleep-induction hypnotic therapy, whereas sedative medication is indicated for agitation or muscle spasms. Several descriptions of CNS depressants in their drug classes include phenobarbital, diazepam, and alprazolam.
How do people use and abuse CNS depressant prescriptions?
Some CNS depressants process tablet, gel, or liquid that a person takes in his or her mouth. CNS depressants implied misuse by prescription:
- Taking medicine in a different way or dose
- Taking medicine from someone else
- Taking medications to improve the impact it induces
When a person misuses a CNS depressant drug, he or she may swallow the medication as usual or crush pills or open capsules.
Stimulants widely used for the diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy are drug improving the prescription stimulants – uncontrollable periods of deep sleep. Common stimulants that are abused by many include dextroamphetamine, a combination of dextroamphetamine/amphetamine, methylphenidate.
How do people use and abuse prescription stimulants?
Many prescription stimulants are found as pill, medication or vapor, and a person’s mouth accepts them. Misuse of a stimulant by medication means:
- Take medicine in a completely different way or dosage than recommended
- Take medicine from someone else
- Taking medicine just because of its impact, getting high
If a prescription stimulant is misused, people can swallow the medicine as normal. They can also squeeze tablets or open capsules, dissolve the powder into water and inject the liquid into a vein. Some may snort or smoke the powder as well.
Dangers of abuse
When that person takes drugs, there is a higher likelihood of someone committing a crime, being a victim of a crime or an incident. As with any drug abuse, the use of prescription drugs raises serious health risks.
The failure of the individual to understand (cognitive function), including a decrease of respiratory function, coma and death may cause vomiting or changes in mood. This risk is higher when other drugs like alcohol, antihistamines and CNS depressants are used with prescription drugs such as opioids.
CNS depressants abuse
Even more dangerous are DNS depressants. A sudden pause or decline will lead to seizures. CNs depressants can slow down and even kill a person’s heartbeat and breathing using other medicines such as prescription painkillers, some allergies, and over-the-counter cold medications or alcohol.
It can lead to heart failure or convulsions. Such hazards are raised as stimulant drugs such as cold medicines are combined with other medicines. If a stimulant is taken too much, the body temperature or pulse can be dangerously high. High doses will make anyone aggressive or nervous over a short time. Stimulants may not lead to physical dependence and addiction, but medications can be used so often by users that it is difficult to break.
Whether individuals take medicines in situations that they are not supposed to use, the hazards of prescription drug abuse can even become stronger. Ritalin can appear innocuous, as even for small children with ADHD, it is recommended. Addiction is probably the most frequent risk of prescription drug abuse. Those who are using drugs can become as easily addicted as if they used street drugs.
Prevention of Prescription abuse
When your therapist gives you a list of prescription drugs, stimulants, and depressant you should follow it accordingly. Also, you may consider following the list below.
- Maintain your visits to your specialist. The doctor will want you to return frequently to see how well the medicine works for you and change the dosage or modify the product if required.
- Note the impact that the medicine has on the body and emotions, particularly in the first few days you get used to it. Consult these with your psychiatrist. Make all details on any drugs or things the pharmacist is supposed to keep open when your drug is being processed.
- Consult your doctor if you have trouble with the effects of the drugs.
In the end, never use someone else’s medication. And don’t let anyone use yours, too. Not only are you placing others at risk, but you could also suffer: pharmacists may be prohibited from accepting a prescription if a drug has been used until it should be used.
Talk to Someone Who’s Been There. Talk to Someone Who Can Help. Arizona Addiction Recovery Center holds the highest accreditation (Joint Commission) and is Arizona’s premier rehab facility since 2009. Call (602)346-9130